Humble Oil & Refining Company
Decker Road & Rollingbrook Dr.
Baytown , 77521
Exxon property extends to the Decker Road feeder, marker location and roadway is Exxon property; Homeland Security strongly enforced; contact Exxon Security or Public Affairs office PRIOR to taking ANY photos at this site
Directions: from Hwy 330 exit Rollingbrook, Main Entrance to Exxon Refinery to the right at Decker Rd. and Rollingbrook Drive; marker on left side of entrance road approx. 1 tenth mile from feeder
Key Time Period: 1893 - 1919 City Beautiful - WW I
Marker Text: Ross S. Sterling entered the oil business in 1909, when he invested in the Humble oil filed north of Houston. Two years later he formed the Humble Oil Company with five partners: Walter W. Fondren, Charles B. Goddard, William Stamps Farlish, Robert Lee Blaffer, and Harry Carothers Wiess. Sterling's brother, Frank, became a company director in 1914.
In 1917 the company obtained a state charter under the name Humble Oil & Refining Company. In order to finance the building of a refinery, fifty percent of the company stock was sold to Standard Oil of New Jersey. The first oil was pumped into a still at the new refinery on May 11, 1920.
As the company expanded and employed more people, a town grew up around the refinery. The company provided low-interest home loans to its employees. By the 1930s research was being conducted at the Baytown refinery, resulting in the production of vital products for the U. S. war effort during World War II. The post-war years saw additional expansion at the refinery, and the company was merged with Standard Oil of New Jersey in 1959. The Humble name was used until 1972, when Standard Oil Company (NJ) became known as Exxon Corporation. (1989)
Marker Type: Marker with Post
Historical Org: Texas Historical Commission (THC)
Key Map Information: 501 N
GPS Coordinates: 29 45.382, 94 59.713
Precinct No: 2
Marker No: 10703