Marker Details

Bayland Guards, The

Bayland Park, 2641 SH 146 Business

Baytown , 77520

09HR14, Class of 2009, listed in THC Atlas with minimal information, not searchable
Directions: From SH 225, north on SH 146, cross the Fred Hartman Bridge toward Baytown, after crossing the bridge exit to the right on Business 146; then turn right at the traffic light into the Waterfront District Public Boat Ramp entrance, then turn left and continue across the parking lot to the McBride Boat Ramp; the marker is to the left of the McBride Boat Ramp

Key Time Period: 1846 - 1865 Statehood - Civil War

Corretions/New Research:

Marker Text: On April 27, 1861, Dr. Ashbel Smith organized a group of volunteers from Bayland (now Baytown) and Cedar Bayou in Harris County, and Barbers Hill in Chambers County. The group, known as the Bayland Guards, drilled on Smith’s Evergreen Plantation and worked in local defense of Galveston bay. On August 13, 1861, they mustered into the Confederate forces as Company C of the Galveston Infantry Regiment. The regiment was redesignated in October as the Second Texas Infantry Regiment and that December, it moved to Camp Bee in Houston. Among the Bayland Guards were three sons of Republic of Texas Presidents Sam Houston and Anson Jones: Samuel Houston, Jr., Charles Elliot Jones and Samuel Edward Jones.

The Bayland Guards fought with the rest of the regiment at the battles of Shiloh, Corinth and Hatchie Bridge in 1862. At the Battle of Shiloh, half of Company C was wounded or killed. During the Vicksburg Campaign in 1863, the Second Texas distinguished itself by defending a crescent-shaped fortification in the center of the line of Confederate defense while withstanding Union assaults and 46 days and nights of shelling and bombardment. The Second Texas Infantry and the other defenders were surrendered at Vicksburg on July 4, 1863 and were promptly paroled to make their way back to Texas.

The decimated regiment reorganized at Houston in the fall of 1863 and served out the war on the Texas coast from Matagorda to Galveston, helping to deter General Banks’ attempt to invade Texas early in 1864. The regiment was surrendered on May 26, 1865. After the war, many members of the Bayland Guards became leaders and respected individuals in their communities. (2009)

Marker is property of the State of Texas
Marker Type: Marker with Post
Historical Org: Texas Historical Commission (THC)f

Key Map Information: 541 E

GPS Coordinates: 29 42.788, 94 59.613

Precinct No: 2

Marker No: 15755