Marker Details


26026 Hempstead Highway

Cypress , 77429

Notes: Marker application accepted by THC, Class of 2012, 12HR01; marker received c05-10-2013; marker dedicated June 14, 2013
Directions: Highway 290 north, from Beltway 8 approx. 11 miles to Spring Cypress Road, west on Spring Cypress three tenths of a mile to Hempstead Highway; right on Hempstead approx. 100 yards to Harris County Cypress Top Historic Park on right; Marker is located between the Juergen Store & Juergen Hall buildings, and behind wooden walkway at flagpole

Key Time Period: To 1835 Indian/Mexican Territory

Corretions/New Research:

No data available

Marker Text: Attakapas and Akokisa Indians began to disappear from Harris County in the mid-1800s with the arrival of Anglo settlers. The first documented settlers in the Cypress area were the Burnett and Simmons families, beginning by 1831. Matthew Burnett established a tavern and inn near the Cypress Creek crossing on the road to Washington-on-the-Brazos, and was designated as the first Postmaster at Big Cypress by 1840. In the late 1840s, German immigrants and settlers seeking land ownership and religious freedom came to the Cypress area, which soon grew into a rural community of farmers, dairymen, and ranchers. Small schools served the educational needs of the children. More a region than a single community, Cypress encompasses more than a hundred square miles within the Cypress Creek and Little Cypress Creek watersheds, including the early settlements of Big Cypress, Hamblin, Eden, Cypress Grove, Cypress Top, Cypress City, and the town of Cypress.

Railroads through this area were chartered in 1839 and 1848 to follow a route that was graded for a plank road. The Cypress Top Post Office was established in 1851 along this route. In July 1856, tracks for the Galveston and Red River Railway (soon renamed the Houston and Texas Central railway) reached Cypress Top depot, 26 miles northwest of Houston. The railroad attracted businesses and created a district of stores, hotels, and saloons. In the early 1900s the discovery of a hot artesian well developed into the Houston Hot Well Sanitarium and Hotel. Dance halls, such as Tin Hall and Juergen’s Hall, were popular. Cypress Top Historic Park preserves a remnant of the railroad community. (2012)

Marker is property of the State of Texas
Marker Type: Marker with Post
Historical Org: Texas Historical Commission (THC)

Key Map Information: 366 D

GPS Coordinates: 29 58.210, 95 41.916

Precinct No: 3

Marker No: 17098